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December 4, 2016
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#199 Moana Clip ("Kinda")


Main Feature:  In this short video you will hear the phrase "kind of" when it's pronounced "kinda".  Here the final "v" sound has disappeared from the word "of", so it sounds like "uh" (the schwa sound).  It's the same vowel sound that's in the words "a", "son", "but", etc.  You will even see the phrase "kind of" written as "kinda" in text messages and other informal writing.  The same is true for the phrases "sort of" (which is often written as "sorta"), "a lot of" (often written as "a lotta") and perhaps one or two other phrases.  Note:  I should add that the "v" sound never disappears before the word "a".  So "He's kind of a hipster" will always have its full pronunciation ("kind of a").  Any other time the "v" sound can disappear, so the phrase "He's kind of cute" can sound like "he's kinda cute".

Instructions:  Listen to the youtube video above and fill in the blanks in the transcript below (or write your answers on a piece of paper). Beginners can use the list of missing words and phrases, but if you're an advanced student, try to fill in the blanks just by listening to the video, without looking at the missing words and phrases.  The answers are given at the end of the transcript.

Missing Words and Phrases (1):  Kind of [kinda].


Did not see that coming. [1]

They're _______ cute.

Mmm.  That's good pork.

Oh, I wasn't…

Disney's "Moana".  Rated PG. [2]


[1] Did not see that coming = The full sentence is "I did not see that coming."

[2] Rated PG = PG is short for "Parent Guidance".


1) kind of [kinda]. 

A Fuller Explanation: 

If you want to know more about the word "of", here's a more complete explanation. I'm going to talk about two things:  how the word "of" sounds and how it's written.

When the word "of" is followed by the word "a", the "v" sound will always be pronounced.  For example, the phrase "of a book" will have the "v" sound.  At any other time, the "v" sound can disappear, so the phrase "of the book" can sound like "a the book" (no "v"). 

That's the sound.  Now let's talk about writing. 

In formal writing (such as homework), we always write "of" as "of".  In informal writing (such as text messages), we usually write "of" as "of".  There are a few phrases in which the word "of" can be written either as "of" or "a", such as "kind of" ("kinda"), "sort of" ("sorta"), "a lot of" ("a lotta") and perhaps one or two others.  But usually (even in text messages) we'll write the word "of" as "of".

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