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Singular/Plural

britdam007

britdam007

India

Two persons, including a DJ has / have been arrested in this connection.



Best regards,


Abhishek

08:46 PM Jan 01 2016 |

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Teacher AmySuper Member!

United States

Hi,



In this sentence, I would add a comma after ‘DJ.’ This is because the phrase ‘including a DJ’ is a reduced relative clause and not a necessary part of the complete sentence. In full, this clause might read: ‘which were including a DJ.’ However, you will rarely see/hear people use a complete clause in an example like this. 



So, if we remove ‘including a DJ,’ what do you think the correct answer is:


‘Two personshas/havebeen arrested in this connection’?



Best, 



Amy

10:09 AM Jan 02 2016 |

britdam007

britdam007

India

I think it should be ‘has”. What do you think?



Best regards,


Abhishek

03:19 AM Jan 03 2016 |

Teacher AmySuper Member!

United States

Hi,



In this example, you have a plural subject: “Two persons.” With a plural subject, you will actually need to use “have.” It is similar to “They have…” or “People have….”



Your complete sentence will be: Two persons, including a DJ,have been arrested in this connection.



Best,



Amy

04:26 PM Jan 04 2016 |

britdam007

britdam007

India

So. to generalise can we say that when two or more subjects are joined by ‘including’, the verb is used according to the first subject? I found this particular sentence the other day when I was going through “The Times Of India”(it’s a popular newspaper in India). In there they have used the singular verb ‘has’. That’s why it was creating a lot of confusion. But now that you have cleared my doubts, it is gonna be alright.



Best regards,


Abhishek

12:02 AM Jan 05 2016 |

Teacher AmySuper Member!

United States

Hi, 



In this sentence, the complete subject is: ‘Two persons, including a DJ.’ However, ’Two persons’ controls this subject. The phrase ‘including a DJ’ modifies ‘Two persons,’ and it is a non-essential phrase. Therefore, the verb only agrees with ‘Two persons.’  



To be honest, I would write this information a little differently because I use US English. I would write: “Two people, including a DJ, have been arrested in connection with this.” 



Keep in mind that there are different forms of English in India as well. These forms of English do not always follow the same grammar as US or UK English, but they are usually more similar to UK English. 



Best,



Amy

01:59 PM Jan 05 2016 |