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Date: Aug 14 2007

Topic: Vocabulary

Author: Ocean-SA



noun a device that holds injured body parts in place You will probably always have to wear a brace on your ankle when you jog.

adj position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up We thought it was going to be a breech birth, but the baby turned himself around.

adj a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was broken.

bruise noun
bruised adj injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin The woman was badly bruised when she came into the emergency room.

Caesarean section, C-section
noun procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman's lower abdomen The baby was so large that we had to perform a Caesarean section.

noun disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells There are many different options when it comes to treating cancer.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
noun restoring a person's breath and circulation You saved your brother's life by performing CPR.

noun a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place My leg was in a cast for graduation.

chapel, chapeline
noun a place where loved ones can go to pray for a patient's recovery;
a priest who visits patients in the hospital If you want a place to pray, the chapel is on the third floor.

noun type of treatment used on cancer patients My mother has already had three rounds of chemotherapy.

noun a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body It is best to get chickenpox as a child so that you don't get it worse as an adult.

noun a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies We only call the coroner if we think a death is suspicious.

critical condition
noun requiring immediate and constant medical attention You can't see her right now; she's in critical condition.

noun objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk I'd rather hop on one foot than use crutches.

noun a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased) We're going to remove the cysts just to be on the safe side.

adj unable to hear The accident left the patient both deaf and blind.

noun a lack of something necessary for one's health The tests show that you have an iron deficiency.

adj in need of water It is easy for the elderly to become dehydrated in this heat.

noun loss of mental capacity It is hard to watch a loved one suffering with dementia.

noun type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency People with diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar levels.

noun medical explanation of an illness or condition The doctor would prefer to share the diagnosis with the patient himself.

noun experiencing pain This pain medication should relieve some of your discomfort.

noun a medical disorder that is harmful to a person's health I understand that this disease runs in your family.

adj when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint You will have to wear a sling because of your dislocated shoulder.

noun a medical problem that needs immediate attention It is important that children know which number to dial in case of an emergency.

ER (emergency room)
noun the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries The child was rushed into the ER after he had a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting.

adj on the outside This cream is for external use only. Do not get it near your ears, eyes, or mouth.

false negative
adj a test that incorrectly comes back negative We had two false negative pregnancy tests, so we didn't know we were having a baby.

family history
noun medical background of a person's family members The doctor was concerned about my family history of skin cancer.

adj causing death The doctor made a fatal error when he wrote the wrong prescription.

adj not normal for the human body This amount of weight loss is abnormal for women your age.

noun/verb pain that won't go away I can't sleep because my knees ache in the night.

adj quick to become severe/bad We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman's labour pains were acute.

allergy noun
allergic adj a body's abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (eg causes a rash) Your son is extremely allergic to peanuts.

noun emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital We called the ambulance when Josh stopped breathing.

noun a condition that causes people to lose their memory I can't remember the accident because I had amnesia.

amputation noun
amputate verb permanent removal of a limb We had to amputate his leg because the infection spread so quickly.

anaemia noun
anaemic adj occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells I have low energy because I am anaemic.

noun medication that kills bacteria and cures infections My throat infection went away after I started the antibiotics.

noun medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness The anti-depressants helped me get on with life after Lucy died.

noun a scheduled meeting with a medical professional I've made you an appointment with a specialist in three week's time.

noun a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled My grandmother can't knit anymore because the arthritis in her hands is so bad.

asthma (attack)
noun a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe I carry an inhaler when I run because I have asthma.

noun a disease-causing organism To prevent the spread of bacteria it is important that nurses wash their hands often.

noun wounds that develop on a patient's body from lying in one place for too long If you don't get up and take a walk, you will develop painful bedsores.

adj not harmful (not cancerous) We're hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is benign.

noun removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests The biopsy ruled out a number of illnesses.

blood count
noun the amount of red and white blood cells a person has You will be happy to know that your blood count is almost back to normal.

blood donor
noun a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person Blood donors have to answer questions about their medical history.

blood pressure
noun the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low) High blood pressure puts you at risk of having a heart attack.

fever noun
feverish adj higher than normal body temperature He is very feverish, and his temperature is near danger point.

flu (influenza)
noun many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus People who have the flu should not visit hospital patients.

fracture noun
fractured adj broken or cracked bone Your wrist is fractured and needs a cast.

noun a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease Flowers are not allowed in the ward to avoid the risk of germs being brought in.

adj a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family The disease is part genetic and part environmental.

noun a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me.

heart attack
noun instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart People who smoke are at greater risk of having a heart attack.

noun the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS HIV can be passed down from the mother to her fetus.

noun bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction I broke out in hives after I ate that potato casserole.

illness noun
ill adj general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time Her illness went away when she started eating better.

immune system
noun the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses You can't have visitors because your immune system is low.

immunization noun
immunize verb an injection that protects against a specific disease Babies are immunized three times in their first year.

noun cut in the body made during surgery I had to have stitches to close the incision.

adj unclear We have to do more x-rays because the first ones were inconclusive.

noun young baby The nurse will demonstrate how to bathe an infant.

infection noun
infected adj diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial) The wound should be covered when you swim to prevent it from becoming infected.

adj appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part My right ankle was so inflamed it was twice the size of my left one.

noun damage to the body Her injuries were minor; just a few cuts and bruises.

intensive care unit (ICU)
noun section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment She will remain in the ICU until she can breathe on her own.

adj under the skin, inside the organs The doctors will be monitoring her for any internal bleeding.

adj feeling discomfort on the skin's surface If you are allergic to this medication your skin will get red and itchy.

noun a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient's body The toddler was so dehydrated that the doctor decided to get him on an IV.

lab results
noun tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis The lab results have come in and you are free to go home.

lab (laboratory)
noun place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing I'll take these samples down to the lab on my way out.

life support
noun a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe The woman has severe brain damage and is currently on life support.

adj when injuries and conditions are extremely serious The victim was shot in two places but the bullet wounds are not life-threatening.

adj feeling of dizziness and being off-balance, caused by lack of oxygen in the brain If you are feeling light-headed again, lie down and call me.

adj expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells) I'm afraid at least one of the tumours is malignant.

medical school (med. school)
noun place where someone trains to be a doctor After eight years of medical school I can finally practice medicine.

noun an infant that is less than three months old You have to support her neck because she is still a newborn.

adj no feeling in a certain body part The needle will make your lower body feel numb.

OR (operating room)
noun the place where major surgeries and operations take place You must wear a face mask and gloves while you are in the OR.

operation noun
operate on verb a medical procedure that involves going inside a person's body in an attempt to fix a problem The operation lasted seven hours, but it was successful.

noun strong discomfort in certain areas of the body We gave your husband some medicine to relieve some of the pain.

pain killer, pain reliever
noun type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury You can take two pain killers every four hours.

adj unable to move certain areas of the body We thought her legs were paralyzed for life, but she is learning how to walk.

noun a person staying in a hospital or medical facility The patients in Room 4 are not getting along.

noun a person who fills a doctor's prescription and gives people advice about medication Ask the pharmacist if there is a generic brand of this medication.

pharmacy, drugstore
noun a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies You should be able to buy a bandage at the pharmacy.

noun doctor Ask your family physician to refer you to a specialist.

poison noun
poisonous adj a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body The child was bitten by a poisonous snake.

adj of the time period leading up to giving birth The woman was well prepared for labour because she took the prenatal classes.

prescription noun
prescribe verb the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms You will need to visit your doctor to get another prescription.

privacy noun
private adj being alone; personal (eg test results) You will have to pay for a private hospital room if you don't want a room-mate.

noun high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells If the radiation doesn't kill all of the abnormal cells, the cancer will come back.

noun part of a doctor's training that takes place in the hospital;
a student working under a doctor John is a resident under Dr Brown.

routine check-up
noun a doctor's appointment to check a person's general health I'd like to see you a year from now for a routine check-up.

noun plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals I have some extra scrubs in my locker.

scrub up
verb carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient I have to scrub up and get ready for surgery.

second opinion
noun input from a second doctor about an illness or symptom I went to another doctor to get a second opinion about these headaches.

noun sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain People who suffer from epilepsy are prone to seizures.

noun body not getting enough blood flow The woman was in shock after being pulled from the river.

side effects
noun other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure One of the side effects of antidepressants is a loss of appetite.

adj painful I have a sore throat and a runny nose.

noun the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle Ever since I injured my leg I've been having muscle spasms in my upper thigh.

noun a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine My family doctor is sending me to a specialist.

noun/verb an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc) I sprained my knee playing soccer.

stable condition
noun a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly You can see your husband now; he is in a stable condition.

noun/verb sharp, temporary pain It may sting when I insert the needle.

stress noun
stressed adj worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise You need to take some time off work and relieve some of your stress.

swelling noun
swollen adj ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint I knew my ankle was sprained because it was so swollen.

noun pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease You have all of the symptoms of a diabetic.

noun amount of heat measured in a body; higher than normal temperature We brought Jesse to emergency because he was running a (high) temperature.

adj painful when touched or used The incision was tender after the surgery.

test resultsnoun medical information that helps doctors understand a patient's condition or body The test results came back negative. You aren't pregnant.

noun treatment aimed at improving a person's mental or physical condition I was able to go back to work a few weeks after starting the therapy.

noun moving of an organ from one human to another The heart transplant saved your life.

noun a test that examines the body's internal organs and processes using sound waves (often used during pregnancies) The ultrasound shows that we are expecting a baby boy.

umbilical cord
noun the lifeline from the mother to the fetus (when cut at birth this forms the belly button) I had an emergency C-section because the umbilical cord was wrapped around the baby's neck.

adj alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings I hit my head on the steering wheel and was still unconscious when the ambulance arrived.

urine sample
noun a small amount of the body's liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons The urine sample tells us how much alcohol is in your blood.

noun the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart I'm just looking for the best vein in which to insert the needle.

noun a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases The virus is contractable through the exchange of bodily fluids.

visiting hours
noun time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital I'm afraid you'll have to come back during visiting hours.

noun/verb discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth The pregnant woman can't stop vomiting.

noun a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay I should warn you that we're entering the mental health ward.

noun a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from place to place If you get in the wheelchair I'll take you down to see the garden.

wound noun
wounded adj injury to body ("flesh wound" means not deep) The wounded soldiers are being airlifted to the hospital.

noun/verb a photograph of a person's bones and organs The technician took x-rays of my shoulder to make sure it wasn't broken.



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09:50 AM Oct 06 2015 |



Russian Federation

thanks a lot for this topic. I’m a physician, and this phrases are important to know. Thanks for great job.

02:37 PM Jul 31 2015 |


Iran, Islamic Republic Of

oh that was wonderful thx  and usefull for me cuz my major is medical

06:24 PM Aug 13 2013 |



Iran, Islamic Republic Of

I found it helpful. Thank u

07:10 AM Nov 08 2012 |

tenzin kalden


please help for allergic;on my face is suffering allergic,aching,become so red.please tell me wat to follow for treatment allergic.thank you.

01:31 PM Apr 23 2009 |

tenzin kalden


im  tenzin,on my face is always suffering allergic,and so aching and become red.some people saying that to drink salty water in every morning then its cure for allergic but its doesnt work so,im so kindful to you.please help me to cure this allergic.

01:22 PM Apr 23 2009 |



Saudi Arabia

Thanks for your comment Majid

11:14 AM Jul 30 2008 |



Iran, Islamic Republic Of

that's incredible you've done so much

it's so helpful 

08:16 AM Jul 30 2008 |



Saudi Arabia

You are welcome

09:45 PM Mar 06 2008 |



United States

Really helpful, I´m studying medicine… thx Laughing

02:35 AM Feb 26 2008 |



Hong Kong

it's so good,thanks!!

09:28 AM Jan 25 2008 |




so useful

go on

share in in common

07:54 AM Jan 18 2008 |



Thank you for your sharing

04:38 AM Jan 18 2008 |




great effort of you.

I still remember how i hate some docs who forget that people in general do not have a clue what they say. Once some patients asked them, they just look at the patients like they are some kind of idiot. Such ego!

10:48 AM Oct 24 2007 |




10:26 AM Oct 24 2007 |



Saudi Arabia


03:33 PM Oct 07 2007 |

big stone


Thank you,it's very helpfulSmile

02:10 PM Oct 07 2007 |

big stone


Thank you,it's very helpfulSmile

02:10 PM Oct 07 2007 |



Saudi Arabia

You are welcome my friend thx for you reply

01:42 AM Sep 17 2007 |

ganesh verma


This is really good for the students who are in medical line.

thanks, ocean-SA!

keep it up…

12:34 PM Sep 16 2007 |

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