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Date: Dec 13 2012

Topic: Idioms and Slang

Author: firar


 Hi Friends

Here is an useful lesson for learning idioms










at first: in the beginning, originally


- At first English was difficult for him, but later he made great progress.

- I thought at first that it was Sheila calling, but then I realized that it was Betty.


to call up: to telephone (also: to give someone a call) (S)

To call can be used instead of to call up, as in the first example below.


- I forgot to call up Mr. Jones yesterday I'd better call him now.

- Call me up tomorrow, Jane. We'll arrange a time to have lunch together.

- I promise to give you a call as soon as I arrive in New York.


to get in/to get on: to enter or to board a vehicle

To get in is used for cars; to get on is used for all other forms of transportation.


- It's easiest to get in the car from the driver's side. The door on the other side doesn't work well.

- I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.



to get out of/to get off: to leave or to descend from a vehicle

To get out of is used for cars, to get off is used for all other forms of transportation.


- Why don't we stop and get out of the car for a while?

- Helen got off the train at the 42nd Street terminal.


to put on: to place on oneself (usually said of clothes) (S)


- Mary put on her coat and left the room.

- Put your hat on before you leave the house.


to take off: to remove (usually said of clothes) (S)


- John took off his jacket as he entered the office.

- Take your sweater off. The room is very warm.


to turn on: to start or cause to function (also: to switch on) (S)


- Please turn on the light; it's too dark in here.

- Do you know who turned the air conditioning on?


to turn off: to cause to stop functioning (also: to switch off, to shut off) (S)

Turn on and turn off, as well as their related forms, are used for things that flow, such as electricity, water, gas, etc.


- Please turn off the light when you leave the room.

- Are you really listening to the radio, or should I turn it off?



right away: very soon; immediately (also: at once)


- Dad says that dinner will be ready right away, so we'd better wash our hands and set the table.

- Tell Will to come to my office right away. I must see him immediately.

- Stop playing that loud music at once!


to pick up: to lift from the floor, table, etc., with one's fingers (S)


- Harry picked up the newspaper that was on the front doorstep.

- Could you pick your toy up before someone falls over it?


sooner or later: eventually, after a period of time


- If you study English seriously, sooner or later you'll become fluent.

- I'm too tired to do my homework now; I'm sure I'll do it sooner or later.


to get up: to arise, to rise from a bed

For the last definition a noun phrase must separate the verb and particle.


- Carlo gets up at seven o'clock every morning.

- At what time should we get the children up tomorrow?



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thanks for sharing this

03:47 PM Dec 13 2012 |

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