Nov 12 2019


Every night, people around the world go to sleep and begin to dream. They might have beautiful, vivid dreams, or they might have scary nightmares. Their dreams might be symbolic of something in their lives. Many people try to understand the meaning of their dreams.

It is always exciting to talk about your dreams with a friend. Sometimes, a friend can help you find the deeper meaning in your nighttime visions. She can help you understand the symbols in your mind. Maybe, your friend had a similar dream. You can compare your dreams together. Maybe, a specific symbol represents something different to your friend.

Gary and Marni think that dreams are amazing. Find out what they love about dreaming in today’s English lesson.


Marni: Gary?
Gary: Yes.
Marni: One of my favorite things about going to sleep is wondering what I’ll dream about.
Gary: It’s so nice to wake up and have the recollection of this wonderfully vivid and lucid experience that never happened.
Marni: Isn’t it amazing?
Gary: It’s amazing.
Marni: It’s so fascinating that we go into this REM state of sleep, and we have these storylines that are just in our minds.
Gary: Yeah, and then we can talk about what the dream was and if there’s a deeper meaning.
Marni: Right.
Gary: Or maybe that the activity or the item that we had in our dream is symbolic in some way in our lives.
Marni: Right. Yeah, they say if you dream about your house, it’s supposed to be representative of you.
Gary: Yeah. Quick question. I’ve heard it before, and I don’t actually know what it means, but what is REM?
Marni: Rapid eye movement.
Gary: Oh!
Marni: That’s the state of sleep that you’re in when you’re dreaming.
Gary: Got it.
Marni: Sweet dreams, Gary.


Marni tells Gary that, every night, she is excited to have a new dream. Gary agrees with her. He thinks that it is incredible to have memories of things that didn’t really happen. Gary and Marni discuss how dreams can be symbolic and have a lot of meaning.

Marni mentions REM sleep. Gary has heard this term, but he doesn’t know its meaning. Marni explains that REM stands for rapid eye movement. In other words, the eyes move quickly when someone is in deep REM sleep. This is the type of sleep in which a person dreams.

What do you dream about the most? What do the symbols in your dreams represent?

Grammar Point

Gary tells Marni, “It’s so nice to wake up and have the recollection of this wonderfully vivid and lucid experience that never happened.” He uses an adverb.

Adverbs are words that modify or describe other words. They can modify verbs, as in, “He speaks softly.” Or they can modify adjectives, as in, “This room is quite large.” Or they can even modify other adverbs, as in, “He walked very slowly.” Gary uses the adverb wonderfully to modify the adjective vivid. The adverb comes before the adjective.

Wonderfully is the adverb form of the adjective wonderful. You can turn many adjectives into adverbs by adding -ly to the end, as in quietly, quickly, slowly, or gladly. But be careful! This isn’t true 100% of the time. For example, this doesn’t work for adjectives that already end in -y, such as happy. The adverbial form of happy is happily.

Which is correct, “The movie was incredibly beautiful,” or, “The movie was incredible beautiful”?


  1. What do Gary and Marni think about dreams?

  2. When you dream about a house, the house probably represents __.

  3. When you tell a person “good night,” you can also say __.

  4. Which sentence does not have an adverb?

See the full English lesson at English, baby!