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How to Write an Essay

How to Write an Essay

Date: Feb 21 2008

Topic: Writing

Author: Ocean-SA


How to Write an Essay 

Many friends of mine ask me about the right way of writing an essay. There are certain steps one must follow to make a good essay. 

First Step: The Topic 

There are two different types of topics. If your objective is t write about something in general ,  you may choose a topic such as "Food. However, if your objective is to write an analysis or an specific topic, you may choose a topic such as "Fast Food". 

Once you set the topic, you are ready to move on to the next step.

 Second Step: The Diagram + The Outline 

The Diagram:-

(A)You need to draw a circle, a square, or whatever shape you like in the middle of an empty paper and write the topic in it. (B) Then draw 3-4 lines from the center out into the page but make sure that you separate them evenly. (C) Then draw a circle, a square, or whatever shape you like at the end of each one of these lines. (D) Write your main ideas inside these shapes. If you are trying to explain a process, you want to write the steps that should be followed. However, if you are writing a debate, you need to write your best arguments. (E) Now that you have wrote the main ideas, you need to draw 3-4 lines from each idea out into the page. At the end of each of these lines, draw another circle , a square, or whatever shape you like and In each shape write the facts or information that support your main idea.

Now that you have done this… You are ready to move on. 

The Outline:-

When you write the outline you need to do the following:

1: Write the topic at the top of the page.

2 : Write the Roman numerals I, II, and III, spread apart down to the left side of the page.

3 : Write the main ideas that you have about your topic next to each Roman numeral.

4 : Under each Roman numeral, write A, B, and C down to the left side of the page.

5 : write the facts or information that support that main idea next to each letter. 

Here is an example >> Click here

 Now that you made the basic structure for your essay, you are ready to continue.

 Third Step: Write The Thesis Statement 

The point of writing a thesis statement is to tell the reader about the topic and the points that will be making. 

You need to have a look at your outline or diagram and decide on the points that these ideas suggest. What do the main ideas say about your topic? 

The thesis statement will be in two parts:

A) The first part states the topic. "Saudi's Culture"

B) The second part states the point of the essay. " has a rich and varied history" 

Now that have done this ..it is time to write the the Body Paragraphs. 

Fourth Step: write the the Body Paragraphs:

At this point, all of the preparation you have been through will be put to work.

 (A) In the body of the essay, explain, describe, or argue the topic you have chosen.

(B) Every main idea you have in your outline will become a paragraph. If you wrote three ideas than you have three body paragraphs. 

The Basic structure of Every Body paragraph:

1. Write down the main idea in sentence form.

2. Write down the supporting facts or information.

3. If you like, you can write a summery for each paragraph.

 Fifth Step: Write the Introduction and Conclusion 

By now, your essay only needs two paragraphs: the introduction and the conclusion. These two paragraph give a point of entry to and an exist from your essay. 


The Introduction should attract the reader's attention and gives an idea of the essay's focus.

 A) Start with an attention grabber.

* You may use the following strategies:

"Startling information, Anecdote, Dialogue, or Summary Information" 

B) If the attention grabber was only a sentence or two, try adding one or two sentences that will lead from your opening to your thesis statement.

 C) Finish the paragraph with your thesis statement. 


The Conclusion is important because it brings closure to the reader and gives a summery of all your points. You only need to write 3-4 sentences. There are no set formals to write the conclusion. Just review the main points or simply say what do you feel about the topic. 

LAST STEP: Editing and final review

 Even though you have completed all the paragraphs of the essay, you need to do the following: 

1- Reordering your paragraphs.

Check the paragraphs which one is the strongest. It is really useful to rearrange the paragraphs where the strongest always comes at the beginning. 

2- Check the instructions for the assignment.

When you prepare a final draft it is necessary to do the following:

a) Are your margins correct?

b) Have you titled it as directed?

c) What other information (name, date, etc.) must you include?

d) Did you double-space your lines? 

3- Check your writing.

The revision of your work is important. Make sure that you read and reread your paper. 

While doing this ask yourself the following questions:

Does it make logical sense?

Do the sentences flow smoothly from one another?

Have you run a spell checker or a grammar checker? 

Once you have checked your work and did the necessary final touches.

.I would say "Congrats!" Your essay is finished.. 

Good Luck




Log in to Comment




I like it

04:49 AM Jun 26 2012 |




useful steps to learn how to write essay

05:12 PM Jun 24 2012 |



that’s is very good format and an easy to follow.

10:31 AM May 15 2012 |

abu reema

Saudi Arabia

It is very helpful. thanks


08:31 AM May 15 2012 |



A gifted-guide

04:27 AM May 15 2012 |



thank u ineed alot ecsecis

08:40 PM May 14 2012 |

marvelous girl

United Arab Emirates

it is very useful but i still have problem in writing thesis statements

thank you

01:19 PM Apr 08 2012 |



Friends, bear in mind that it’s kinda summary of the whole academic writing textbook, it takes much longer to learn writing a perfect essay. Ill be happy to help if any of u needs help.

07:45 AM Mar 23 2012 |

1 person likes this


Viet Nam

very useful….

hi eveybody

My name is Long .  i am 21 years old. I come from VietNam. I want to improve my english skills esp in speaking,listen and writing.   My major is in accounting and auditing so i wanna learng specific eng too . i hope i receive  much help from you(_^)

i dont use msn but i have only ID yahoo: longriver.neu2010   and email:   

looking forward to you ^


06:12 AM Mar 23 2012 |



Just the way my canadian instructor Mr. Rondy taught me when I was a sophomore. It really helpes me throughout my education and career.

12:02 PM Mar 20 2012 |

1 person likes this




Never tried writing thesis in English, but it is a good way to learn and practice, I think I’m getting more and more like English lol. Thanks for lesson!

08:00 AM Mar 19 2012 |




like the text book when i learn in university

02:12 PM Mar 11 2012 |



is it possible to send you some of my essays i wrote to give your comments on

05:33 AM Feb 26 2012 |




Thanks,I learned a lot.

11:29 AM Jan 21 2012 |

1 person likes this



United States

Laughingvery useful….

04:50 AM Jan 16 2012 |


Russian Federation

Thanks a lot

10:56 AM Jan 08 2012 |



Palestinian Territory, Occupied

very Useful

05:26 PM Dec 02 2011 |


Saudi Arabia

thanks  I know that because I took it in my school. thanks so much agein.



04:51 AM Dec 02 2011 |

abu dergham


may i know you



08:16 AM Oct 04 2011 |

abu dergham


dont forget anthing this is english keep it on your mind

08:07 AM Oct 04 2011 |

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